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Countenance, Angel of

by Rabbi Geoffrey W. Dennis
Angel or Prince of the [Divine] Countenance (Hebrew: Sar ha-Panim or Malach ha-Panim). Sar ha-Panim is an angel, or angels, that serve as a visible manifestation of God. Metatron is the angelic figure most associated with the Panim title. Other angels, such as Suriel and Tzakadhazy are also called by the title ha-Panim, leading to some confusion. Are all these angels actually different names for Metatron, as one tradition suggests, or are the ha-Panim really a whole class of angels, of which Metatron is only the most famous?

Article copyright 2004 Geoffrey Dennis.


Article details:

  • Also known as:
    Sar ha-Panim
    Malach ha-Panim

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