"fiery ones." The angels of the highest rank. The Seraphim act as the caretakers of God's throne and sing his praises. They are represented as "standing" above the King as he sat upon his throne, ready at once to minister unto him. They also regulate the movement of the heavens.

This word, in the original, is used elsewhere only of the "fiery serpents"1 sent by God as his instruments to inflict on the people the righteous penalty of sin.

The Seraphim are ranked fifth in Maimonides' Mishneh Torah, third in the Zohar, first in the Maseket Atzilut, tenth in the Berit Menuchah, and third in the Reshit Chochmah.


The Seraphim are depicted with six wings: two for flying, two for covering their faces, and two for covering their feet.



  1. Num. 21:6, 8; Deut. 8:15; comp. Isa. 14:29; 30:6.


  • Easton, M.G. (1897). Easton's Bible Dictionary. New York: Harper & Brothers.
  • Isa. 6:2, 3, 6, 7.