A class composed mostly of middle-aged women who are in close communication with the spirits, similar to the mabalīan of the Bagobo. They conduct ceremonies to cure the sick, to secure good crops, or to thank the spirits for their help and watchfulness.



  • Cole, Fay-Cooper. (1913). The Wild Tribes of Davao District, Mindanao. Chicago: Field Museum of Natural History, p. 133.