Kabonīyan is the friend and helper of the people, and by many is classed above or identified with Kadaklan. At times he lives in the sky; again in a great cave near Patok. From this cave came the jars which could talk and move, here were found the copper gongs used in the dances, and here too grew the wonderful tree which bore the agate beads so prized by the women.

This spirit gave the Tinguian rice and sugar-cane, taught them how to plant and reap, how to foil the designs of ill-disposed spirits, the words of the dīams and the details of many ceremonies. Further to bind himself to the people, it is said, he married "in the first times" a woman from Manabo. He is summoned in nearly every ceremony, and there are several accounts of his having appeared in his own form. According to one of these, he is of immense proportions; his spear is as large as a tree, and his head-axe the size of the end of the house.

Kabonīyan taught the Dawak and the Sayang ceremonies to a woman called Dayapan; and she, in turn, taught it to others, who were then able to cure sickness.



  • Cole, Fay-Cooper. (1922). "The Tinguian." FMNH-AS, Vol. 14, no. 2, p. 297, 315.
  • Cook Cole, Mabel. (1916). Philippine Folk Tales. Chicago: A. C. McClurg & Co., p. 75-76.

This article incorporates text from The Tinguian Mythology (1922) by Fay-Cooper Cole, which is in the public domain.