The spirit that dwells in each man and woman. After death, it goes into the sky, unless it deserved punishment, in which case it goes to Kīlot, a region below. In either place, the spirits keep close watch over the living and bring success or disaster according to their will. They have come to be regarded as the guardians of the fields, and suitable offerings are made to them at planting and harvest time.

Among the Manobo of Santa Cruz it is the soul, envisaged as consisting of two parts on each side of the body. After death, the kalalṓa on the right side goes to heaven, Dagkotanan, while the one on the left goes to Kīlot. See also gimokod.



  • Cole, Fay-Cooper. (1913). The Wild Tribes of Davao District, Mindanao. Chicago: Field Museum of Natural History, pp. 153, 177.