A group of sixteen powerful spirits who dwell in high hills or mountains, particularly volcanoes. They are closely associated with the rice harvest, but its members also keep watch over humans and warn or scold them, when necessary, by sending sickness. The harvest ceremony is held in their honor, although other spirits appear at that time. They are served by a group of seven Alabyánon.

The names of the Kaliga-ṓn spirits are given as (1) Dagingṓn, (2) Korongon, (3) Liga-ón, (4) Bontīálon, (5) Segkarṓn, (6) Laulau-ōn, (7) Sapawen, (8) Linankṓban, (9) Masaubasau, (10) Tagalamboñ (11) Hinolṓnban, (12) Sayobánban, (13) Moyoñ-boyoñ, (14) Gologóndo, (15) Lantangṓn, and (16) Tambolṓn. All are powerful but Gologóndo and Tagalamboñ appear to lead the others, with Lantangṓn and Hinolṓnban following.

In ceremonies, two or three sticks tied horizontally and called dagingṓn belong to the first six named. Basket-like receptacles made of tiny bamboo tubes are filled with leaves and contain part of a pig's skull. These are known as golon-golon and are for spirits nine to fourteen inclusive. A "table" made of wooden disks slipped on a salaban stick is prepared for the four strongest spirits.



  • Cole, Fay-Cooper. (1956). The Bukidnon of Mindanao. Fieldania: Anthropology, vol 46. Chicago: Chicago Natural Museum, pp. 96-97.