A small omen bird, the messenger of the spirits who control the Bakid and Sangásang ceremonies. When this bird enters the house, it is caught at once, its feathers are oiled; beads are attached to its feet, and it is released with the promise that the ceremony will be celebrated at once. This bird accompanies the warriors, and warns or encourages them with its calls. If it flies across their path from right to left, all is well; but if it comes from the left, they must return home, or trouble will befall the party.

The spirits of Sangásang make use of other birds and animals to warn the builders of a house, if the location selected does not please them. All the Tinguian know that the arrival of snakes, big lizards, deer, or wild hogs at the site of a new house is a bad sign. See also koling, limokon, and salaksak.



  • Cole, Fay-Cooper. (1922). "The Tinguian." FMNH-AS, Vol. 14, no. 2, p. 306.
  • Cook Cole, Mabel. (1916). Philippine Folk Tales. Chicago: A.C. McClurg & Co.

This article incorporates text from The Tinguian Mythology (1922) by Fay-Cooper Cole, which is in the public domain.