Beneficent deities, guardians of the gates. They protect the village against disease-bringing deities.
- Barton, Roy Franklin. (1946). "The Religion of the Ifugaos." MAAA no. 65, p. 90.
- Jocano, F. Landa. (1969). Outline of Philippine Mythology. Manila: Centro Escolar University Research and Development Center, p. 17.