Among the Mangwana, a female spirit who works the soil and who presides over childbirth. She is unknown to the Mandaya of the Pacific coast.



  • Cole, Fay-Cooper. (1913). The Wild Tribes of Davao District, Mindanao. Chicago: Field Museum of Natural History, p. 178.
  • Raats, Pieter Jan. (1969). A Structural Study of Bagobo Myths and Rites. Cebu City, Philippines: University of San Carlos, p. 20.