The god of the lower world, keeper of souls, who punishes the sinful at Kasanaan. His four agents — Mangagaway, Manisilat, Mankukulam, and Hukloban — are tasked with leading man to sin.
- Jocano, F. Landa. (1969). Outline of Philippine Mythology. Manila: Centro Escolar University Research and Development Center, p. 11.