The father of Androcleia and Alcis. They gave their lives "for the common good" in place of their father, whose act of self-sacrifice this really was. For when Heracles and the Thebans were about to engage in battle with the Orchomenians, an oracle was delivered to them that success in the war would be theirs if their citizen of the most noble descent would consent to die by his own hand. Antipoenus, who had the most famous ancestors, was loath to die for the people, but his daughters were quite ready to do so. So they took their own lives and are honored therefor. They were said to have been buried with the sanctuary of Artemis of Fair Fame near Thebes.
His name means "penalty instead of," from anti, "in place of," and poine, "penalty."
- Pausanias. Description of Greece ix, 17.1.