The daughter of Talaus and Lysimache, and wife of Amphiaraus. Because of his prophetic powers, Amphiareus knew that he would die if he joined the expedition of the Seven against Thebes, and so hid himself. Eriphyle, who had been bribed by Polynices with the necklace of Harmonia, revealed his hiding place. Before he left he made their son Alcmaeon promise to avenge his death.

Later, when Alcmaeon returned from the second expedition against Thebes (see Epigoni), he fulfilled his promise to his father and killed his mother.


A pelike at Lecce (mid-fifth century BCE) depicts Polynices handing Eriphyle the necklace of Harmonia. Eriphyle raises her right hand to accept it.



  • Aken, Dr. A.R.A. van. (1961). Elseviers Mythologische Encyclopedie. Amsterdam: Elsevier.
  • Homer. Odyssey xii, 326.
  • Pseudo-Apollodorus. The Library i, 9.3.