Spirits which are thought to fetch the spirits of the recent dead to the Spirit World, which is also known as the "Land to the West" or Kintjura.



  • Berndt, R. M.; Vogelsang, T. (1941). "Comparative Vocabularies of the Ngadjuri and Dieri Tribes, South Australia." 65/1, pp. 3–10.
  • Elkin, A. P. (1937). "Beliefs and Practices Connected with Death in North-eastern and Western South Australia." Oceania 7/3, pp. 275–99.