Or Molonidae (Μολιονίδαι), a patronymic name by which Eurytus and Cteatus, the sons of Actor, or Poseidon, by Molione, are orten designated. They were nephews of Augeas, king of the Epeians. As sons of Actor, they are also called Actoridae, or Ἀκτορπίωνε.1
According to a late tradition, they were born out of an egg;2 and it is further stated, that the two brothers were grown together, so that they had only one body, but two heads, four arms, and four legs.3 Homer mentions none of these extraordinary circumstances; and, according to him, the Moliones, when yet boys, took part in an expedition of the Epeians against Neleus and the Pylians.4 When Heracles marched against Augeas to chastise him for refusing to give the reward he had promised, he entrusted the conduct of the war to the Moliones; but Heracles, who in the mean time was taken ill and concluded peace with Augeas, was then himself attacked and beaten by them. In order to take vengeance, he afterwards slew them near Cleonae, on the frontiers of Argolis, as they had been sent from Elis to sacrifice at the Isthmian games, on behalf of the town.5
The Eleians demanded of the Argives to atone for this murder; but as the latter refused, and were not excluded from the Isthmian games, Molione cursed the Eleians who should ever take part again in those games.6 Heracles, on the other hand, dedicated, on account of his victory, six altars at Olympia, and instituted special honors at Nemea for the 360 Cleonaeans who had assisted him, but had fallen in the contest.7
The Moliones are also mentioned as conquerors of Nestor in the chariot race, and as having taken part in the Calydonian hunt.8 Cteatus was the father of Amphimachus by Theronice; and Eurytus, of Thalpius by Theraphone.9 Their tomb was shown in later times at Cleonae.10
- Homer. Iliad xxiii, 638; Ovid. Metamorphoses viii, 308.
- Athenaeus, ii, p. 58.
- Athenaeus, l.c.; Eustathius on Homer, p. 882; Pherecydes of Syros. Fragments, 47 (ed. Sturz); Pseudo-Plutarch. On Brotherly Love, 1.
- Iliad xii, 709, 750.
- Pseudo-Apollodorus. The Library ii, 7.2; Pindar. Olympian Odes xii, 33 ff., with the Scholiast; Pausanias. Description of Greece viii, 14.6.
- Pausanias. Description of Greece v, 2.1.
- Scholiast on Pindar's Olympian Odes xii, 29; Aelian. Varia Historia iv, 5.
- Athenaeus, l.c.; Homer. Iliad xxiii, 638 ff.; Ovid. Metamorphoses viii, 308.
- Homer. Iliad ii, 620; Pausanias. Description of Greece v, 3.4.
- Pausanias. Description of Greece ii, 15.1; comp. Taraxippus.
- Smith, William. (1870). Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology. London: Taylor, Walton, and Maberly.
This article incorporates text from Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology (1870) by William Smith, which is in the public domain.