The bosom friend of Damon. He had attempted to kill Dionysius I, the tyrant of Syracuse, and was sentenced to death. Because he had to take care of some family business, he requested and was granted a reprieve, provided that Damon took his place while he was away. Pythias returned just in time and saved his friend from being executed. The tyrant, impressed with their friendship and loyalty to each other, pardoned them both.
- Cicero. De Officiis, 3, 45; Comp. Tusculan Disputations v, 22.
- Diodorus Siculus, x, fragment 3.
- Iamblichus. De Vita Pythagorica, 33.