A class of angels mentioned in the Seder Gan Eden and the Sefer Raziel HaMalakh. They are ranked fifth in the Maseket Atzilut, sixth in the Berit Menuchah, and sixth in the Reshit Chochmah.
- Dennis, Rabbi Geoffrey W. (2007). The Encyclopedia of Jewish Myth, Magic and Mysticism. Woodbury: Llewellyn Publications.