Zemes māte

by Aldis Pūtelis

"Mother of the soil." The goddess concerned with the welfare of the people and who makes the fields fertile. She is also sometimes identified with Veļu māte, for she too rules over the dead in the underworld.

The seventeenth-century Latvian historian Paul Einhorn gives the first description and does not say anything regarding the latter.



  • Gimbutas, Marija. (1963). The Balts. New York: Praeger, p. 191.