According to Herodotus, Aristeas was a poet of Proconnesus who reappeared seven years after his death to his countrymen and 540 years later after to the people of Metapontum, ordering them to raise a statue near the temple of Apollo. It is said that over the centuries he visited all the mythical nations of the earth. He wrote about the Hyperboreans and the Arimaspians.

Pliny writes that Aristeas' soul issued from his mouth in the shape of a raven.1


Warren Criswell made a painting of Aristeas with the soul emerging from his mouth.



  1. Pliny. Natural History, vii, 174.


  • Bonnerjea, Biren. (1920). A Dictionary of Superstitions and Mythology. Thomson Gale.
  • Pausanias. Description of Greece v, 7.9.