A son of Ares and Astyoche, and brother of Ialmenus, together with whom he led the Minyans of Orchomenos against Troy, in thirty ships.1 In the war against Troy, he was slain by the hand of Deiphobus, at which Ares was filled with anger and indignation.2

According to Apollodorus3 Ascalaphus was one of the Argonauts, and also one of the suitors of Helen. Hyginus in one passage4 calls Ascalaphus and Ialmenus sons of Lycus of Argos, while in another5 he agrees with the common account.

One tradition described Ascalaphus as having gone from Troy to Samareia, and as having been buried there by Ares. The name of Samareia itself was derived from this occurrence, that is, from σᾶμα (sama) or σῆμα (sēma) and Ἄρης (Arēs).6



  1. Homer. Iliad ii, 511 ff.
  2. ibid. xiii, 519 ff.; xv, 110 ff.; comp. Pausanias. Description of Greece ix, 37.3.
  3. The Library i, 9.16; iii, 10.8.
  4. Fabulae, 97.
  5. ibid., 159.
  6. Eustathius on Homer, p. 1009.


  • Smith, William. (1870). Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology. London: Taylor, Walton, and Maberly.

This article incorporates text from Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology (1870) by William Smith, which is in the public domain.