bat ḥorin

"daughter of freedom." In Jewish demonology, a female spirit who brings diseases to the eye to those who forget to wash their hands (three times) after meals (netilat yadayim). The name is possibly a play on ḥiwar, a euphemistic expression for blindness.



  • Bek. 44b; Tosef., Bek. v.3; Schorr, in "He-Ḥaluẓ," 1869, p. 15.
  • Singer, Isidore; Adler, Cyrus; et al. (1901-1906). Jewish Encyclopedia. 12 Vols. New York: Funk and Wagnalls Company, 4:517.