"Elder Mother." A Danish spirit who dwells under the elder-tree. If a peasant wanted to take any part of the tree he had to ask her for permission, or he would be severely punished. She is also called Hyldequinde, "Elder Woman."
- Bonnerjea, Biren. (1920). A Dictionary of Superstitions and Mythology. Thomson Gale.
- Keightley, Thomas. (1892). Fairy Mythology: Illustrative of the Romance and Superstition of Various Countries. London: George Bells and Sons.