Or Jasion, also called Iasius, was, according to some, a son of Zeus and Electra, the daughter of Atlas, and a brother of Dardanus;1 but others called him a son of Corythus and Electra, of Zeus and the nymph Hemera, or of Ilithyius, or of Minos and the nymph Pyronia.2 At the wedding of his sister Harmonia, Demeter fell in love with him, and in a thrice-plowed field (τρίπολος) she became by him the mother of Pluton or Plutus in Crete, in consequence of which Zeus killed him with a flash of lightning.3
According to Servius,4 Iasion was slain by Dardanus, and according to Hyginus5 he was killed by his own horses, whereas others represent him as living to an advanced age as the husband of Demeter.6 In some traditions Eetion is mentioned as the only brother of Dardanus,7 whence some critics have inferred that Iasion and Eetion are only two names for the same person. A further tradition states that Iasion and Dardanus, being driven from their home by a flood, went from Italy, Crete, or Arcadia, to Samothrace, whither he carried the Palladium, and where Zeus himself instructed him in the mysteries of Demeter.8
- Pseudo-Apollodorus. The Library iii, 12.1; Servius on Virgil's Aeneid i, 384; Hesiod. Theogony, 970; Ovid. Amores iii, 10, 25.
- Scholiast on Theocritus, iii, 30; Servius on Virgil's Aeneid iii, 167; Eustathius on Homer, p. 1528; Hyginus. Fabulae, 270.
- Homer. Odyssey v, 125 ff.; Hesiod. Theogony, 969 ff.; Pseudo-Apollodorus. The Library l.c.; Diodorus Siculus. Historical Library v, 49, 77; Tzetzes on Lycophron, 29; Conon. Narratives, 21.
- on Aeneid iii, 167.
- Fabulae, 250.
- Ovid. Metamorphoses ix, 421 ff.
- Scholiast on Apollonius Rhodius, i, 916; Tzetzes on Lycophron, 219.
- Servius on Virgil's Aeneid iii, 15, 167; vii, 207; Dionysius, i, 61; Diodorus Siculus. Historical Library v, 48; Strabo. Geography vii, p. 331; Conon, l.c.; Stephanus of Byzantium, s.v. Δάρδανος.
- Eustathius on Homer, p. 1528.
- Müller. Orchomenos und die Minyer, pp. 140, 260, 452.
- Smith, William. (1870). Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology. London: Taylor, Walton, and Maberly.
This article incorporates text from Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology (1870) by William Smith, which is in the public domain.