An evil mountain god of the Elema and the Ipi. He is omnipotent in the fortune — good or bad — of travelers into the interior. He also plays an important part in the initiation rites.



  • Haddon, A. C. (1925). "New Guinea." In ERE, Vol. 9, 339-352, p. 342.
  • Holmes, Rev. J. (1902). "Notes on the Religious Ideas of the Elema Tribe of the Papuan Gulf." JRAI 32:426-431, p. 430.