I.e. "the goddess protecting the city," a surname of Athena at Athens, where she was especially worshiped as the protecting divinity of the acropolis.
- Arnobius. Adversus Nationes vi, 193.
- Pausanias. Description of Greece i, 27.1.
- Smith, William. (1870). Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology. London: Taylor, Walton, and Maberly.
This article incorporates text from Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology (1870) by William Smith, which is in the public domain.