by Aldis Pūtelis

"Sun." Saule is the most powerful of the Latvian heavenly goddesses. She is the goddess of the sun and of fertility, the patroness of all unfortunate people, especially orphans (as the only one to substitute the mother, to warm the child).

She is the mother of Saules meitas or meita (plural or singular). She is said to live on the top of the heavenly mountain (a model of the world), where she rides during the day in her chariot. At night she sails with her boat on the world sea. The motif of permanent motion is apparent in this image, as well as the idea of the sun shining somewhere else during the night. Of course, the diachronic aspect is to be taken into account. In several cases she appears as the ruler in heaven, especially in relation with Mēness, the Moon.