"heavenly dogs." In Japanese folk beliefs, a class of supernatural creatures. They belong to the yōkai class of demons and spirits. According to a later version of the Kujiji, they are the offspring of Ama-no-zako, who in turn was born from the storm god Susa-no-o.
The ten-gū were initially regarded in Buddhism as the harbingers of war, but they gradually turned into protective, albeit dangerous, mountain and forest spirits.
The ten-gū were initially depicted as large birds of prey, with both avian and human characteristics. Over time their beaks were humanized as unnaturally long noses.
- Leach, Maria, ed. (1984). Funk & Wagnalls Standard Dictionary of Folklore, Mythology, and Legend. New York: HarperCollins.
- Lurker, Manfred. (2004). Routledge Dictionary of Gods and Demons. London: Routledge.
- Toriyama Sekien. Gazu Hyakki Yakō.