A powerful being, husband of Dīwata. They are above all other spirits. According to the Padada people the term dīwata is a name which may be applied to the timanem, of whom there are two, a male and a female.

Timanem watched the formation of the earth by Linkanan and Lampagan, and when it was ready planted trees upon it. He still takes interest in the affairs of men and each year sends the spirits Layag and Bangay to tell them when to prepare the land for planting of crops.



  • Cole, Fay-Cooper. (1913). The Wild Tribes of Davao District, Mindanao. Chicago: Field Museum of Natural History, pp. 152, 160.