"My father is Jah." The son of Rehoboam, whom he succeeded on the throne of Judah.1 He is also called Abijam.2 He began his three years' reign3 with a strenuous but unsuccessful effort to bring back the ten tribes to their allegiance. Abijah is described as having walked "in all the sins of his father."4 He had fourteen wives, and begot twenty-two sons, and sixteen daughters.5

It is said in 1 Kings 15:2 that "his mother's name was Maachah, the daughter of Abishalom;" but according to 2 Chr. 13:2 "his mother's name was Michaiah, the daughter of Uriel of Gibeah."



  1. 1 Chr. 3:10
  2. 1 Kings 14:31; 15:1-8.
  3. 2 Chr. 12:16; 13:1, 2.
  4. 1 Kings 15:3; 2 Chr. 11:20-22.
  5. 2 Chr. 13:21.


  • Easton, M.G. (1897). Easton's Bible Dictionary. New York: Harper & Brothers.

This article incorporates text from Easton’s Bible Dictionary (1897) by M.G. Easton, which is in the public domain.