A surname or epithet of several gods. Aeschylus1 and Sophocles2 use it of Apollo and Zeus, and apparently in the sense of helpers in struggles and contests.3 But Agonius is more especially used as a surname of Hermes, who presides over all kinds of solemn contests (Ἀγώνες).4



  1. Agamemnon, 513.
  2. Trachinae, 26.
  3. Comp. Eustathius Homer's Iliad Il, p. 1335.
  4. Pausanias. Description of Greece v, 14.7; Pindar. Olympian Odes vi, 133, with the Scholiast.


  • Smith, William. (1870). Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology. London: Taylor, Walton, and Maberly.

This article incorporates text from Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology (1870) by William Smith, which is in the public domain.