"a thing that changes." A general term for ghosts or supernatural beings, a class of yōkai. They can appear in the form of animals, plants, or inanimate objects. A bakemono can disguise itself as a human being.
- Ashkenazi, Michael. (2003). Handbook of Japanese Mythology. Santa Barbara: ABC-CLIO, Inc.
- Bocking, Brian. (1996). A Popular Dictionary of Shinto. Richmond: Curzon Press.