A son of Oedipus and Iocaste. After his father's flight from Thebes, he and his brother Polynices undertook the government of Thebes by turns. But, in consequence of disputes having arisen between the brothers, Polynices fled to Adrastus, who then brought about the expedition of the Seven against Thebes.

When many of the heroes had fallen, Eteocles and Polynices resolved upon deciding the contest by a single combat, but both the brothers fell.



  • Comp. Euripides. Phoenician Women, 67.
  • Pausanias. Description of Greece ix, 5.6.
  • Pseudo-Apollodorus. The Library iii, 5.8, 6.1, 5 ff.
  • Smith, William. (1870). Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology. London: Taylor, Walton, and Maberly.

This article incorporates text from Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology (1870) by William Smith, which is in the public domain.