In Roman mythology, the paradisiac Age under the rule of Saturn. It was a period of perfect peace and prosperity. Laws and rules were not necessary; war and strive and hunger were unknown. There were no armies, no weapons, no steep ditches surrounding towns. The people passed their lives in gentle peace and security. The earth brought forth everything from herself without the need for plows and other tools. Sometimes rivers of milk flowed, sometimes streams of nectar. Spring was eternal. Even the animals lived in peace. It was the time when the gods themselves dwelt among mankind. The Golden Age was followed by the Silver Age.
The Saturnalia was celebrated in commemoration of the time when Saturn dwelt among men.
- Ovid. Metamorphoses i, 89 ff.