A celebrated ancient combat, the battle of "bruised noses," so called because the men of the party of Ngātoro-i-rangi struck their noses to draw blood, and then lying down, blood-stained, pretended to be dead, thus deluding the enemy who approached incautiously near.
- Grey, Sir George. (1855). Polynesian Mythology. Auckland: Brett, p. 108.
- Tregear, Edward. (1891). Maori-Polynesian Comparative Dictionary. Wellington: Government Printer, p. 102.
- White, John. (1887). Ancient History of the Maori. 6 vols. Wellington: G. Didsbury, Government Printer, p. 1:7.
This article incorporates text from Maori-Polynesian Comparative Dictionary (1891) by Edward Tregear, which is in the public domain.