A son of Tros, and grandson of Erichthonius. His mother was Callirrhoe, and being a great-grandson of Dardanus, he is called Dardanides.1 He was a brother of Assaracus, Ganymede, and Cleopatra, and married to Eurydice, the daughter of Adrastus, by whom he became the father of Laomedon, so that he was the grandfather of Priam.2
He was believed to be the founder of Troy (Ilion), concerning which the following story is related. Once Ilus went to Phrygia, and there won the prize as a wrestler in the games which the king of Phrygia celebrated. The prize consisted of fifty youths and fifty maidens; and the king, in pursuance of an oracle, at the same time gave him a cow of different colors, requesting Ilas to build a town on the spot where that cow should lie down. Ilus accordingly followed the cow until she laid down at the foot of the Phrygian hill Ate.3 There Ilus accordingly built Ilion; and after having prayed to Zeus to send him a sign, he found on the next morning the Palladium, a statue of three cubits in height, with its feet close together, holding a spear in its right hand, and a distaff in the left. Ilus then built a temple for the statue.4 Once, when this temple was consumed by fire, Ilus rescued the statue, but became blind, as no one was permitted to see it; but he afterwards propitiated the goddess, and recovered his sight.5
- Homer. Iliad xii, 372.
- Pseudo-Apollodorus. The Library iii, 1.1-3; Homer. Iliad xx, 232 ff.
- Stephanus of Byzantium, s.v. Ἴλιον; Hesychius, s.v. Ἀτιόλοφος; Tzetzes on Lycophron, 29, who gives the story somewhat differently.
- Pseudo-Apollodorus. The Library iii, 12.3.
- Plutarch. Parallel Lives, 17.
- Pausanias. Description of Greece ii, 22.4; Diodorus Siculus. Historical Library iv, 74.
- Homer. Iliad x, 415; xii, 166, 372; xxiv, 349; Theocritus, xvi, 75; Eustathius on Homer, p. 1353.
- Smith, William. (1870). Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology. London: Taylor, Walton, and Maberly.
This article incorporates text from Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology (1870) by William Smith, which is in the public domain.