The first and lowest Māori heaven, that nearest the earth. It is the residence of Tāwhiri-mā-tea, and is governed by the god Toimau. It is one of the three heavens of Maru.



  • Tregear, Edward. (1891). Maori-Polynesian Comparative Dictionary. Wellington: Government Printer, p. 168.
  • White, John. (1887). Ancient History of the Maori. 6 vols. Wellington: G. Didsbury, Government Printer, p. 1:Appendix.