A patronymic from Labdacus, the ruler of Thebes, and frequently used not only to designate his children, but his descendants in general, and is therefore applied not only to Oedipus, his son, but to Polynices, Eteocles, and Antigone. The family of the Labdacidae is particularly famous in ancient story, on account of the misfortunes of all that belonged to it.



  • Smith, William. (1870). Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology. London: Taylor, Walton, and Maberly.
  • Sophocles. Antigone, 560.
  • Statius. Thebaid vi, 451, and many other passages.

This article incorporates text from Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology (1870) by William Smith, which is in the public domain.