nă thu pen do nă thu pĕ dŏ

The omnipresent deity, both male and female in nature, who rules over all the other spirits. This father/mother spirit is appealed to in epidemics. Since nă thu pen do nă thu pĕ dŏ also rules over all the animals in the forests, the spirit is invoked by hunters to give them success in hunting.



  • Bernatzik, Hugo Adolf. (1947). Akha and Meau: Problems of Applied Ethnography in Farther India. 2 vols. Innsbruck: Kommissionsverlag Wagner'sche Universitats Buckdruckerei. (Human Relations Area Files AOI-39, EPf-10, AE5), pp. 168-169.