The fifth division (upwards) of the Māori heaven. It is the abode of beings who attend on the inferior gods, who themselves officiate in the highest heaven, Naherangi. It is under control of Tāwhaki.



  • Tregear, Edward. (1891). Maori-Polynesian Comparative Dictionary. Wellington: Government Printer, pp. 168, 280.
  • White, John. (1887). Ancient History of the Maori. 6 vols. Wellington: G. Didsbury, Government Printer, p. 1:Appendix.