A certain kind of spirit or demon fatal to men. They haunted ruins, but sometimes crept into men's bodies and devoured them.
- Tregear, Edward. (1891). Maori-Polynesian Comparative Dictionary. Wellington: Government Printer, p. 283.
- Wohlers, J. F. H. (1876). "Mythology and Tradition of the Maori." New Zealand Institute, Transactions 8:108-123, p. 112.