Many birds had distinct personified forms. Nono-tumutumu is the cormorant (kawau) personified, a bird often seen perched on tree stumps, as the name indicates.
- Best, Eldson. (1899). "Notes on Maori Mythology." Journal of the Polynesian Society 8:93-121, p. 100.
- Best, Elsdon. (1924). The Maori. Wellington: Harry H. Tombs, p. 176.