The fern from which, when mixed with clay, the first man, Tiki, was made by the god Tāne. Another legend asserts that the man was made from red clay and the central shoot of the bulrush (raupo), in the resemblance of the god who made him.
- Tregear, Edward. (1891). Maori-Polynesian Comparative Dictionary. Wellington: Government Printer, p. 323.
- White, John. (1887). Ancient History of the Maori. 6 vols. Wellington: G. Didsbury, Government Printer, p. 1:155.