According to Homer the father of Europa;1 but according to others he was a son of Agenor by Agriope or Telephassa, and therefore a brother of Europa. Being sent out by his father in search of his sister, who was carried off by Zeus, he went to Africa, and there gave his name to a people who were called after him Phoenices.2

According to some traditions he became, by Perimede, the daughter of Oeneus, the father of Astypalaea and Europa,3 by Telephe the father of Peirus, Astypalaea, Europa, and Phoenice,4 and by Alphesiboea, the father of Adonis.5



  1. Homer. Iliad xiv, 321.
  2. Pseudo-Apollodorus. The Library iii, 1.l; Eustathius on Dionysius Periegetes, 905; Hyginus. Fabulae, 178.
  3. Pausanias. Description of Greece vii, 4.2.
  4. Scholiast on Euripides' Phoenician Women, 5.
  5. Pseudo-Apollodorus. The Library iii, 14.4.


  • Smith, William. (1870). Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology. London: Taylor, Walton, and Maberly.

This article incorporates text from Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology (1870) by William Smith, which is in the public domain.