A surname of the Muses, derived from the area of Pieria in Thessaly, on the eastern slope of Mount Olympus. It is the location where they were first worshiped among the Thracians.1 Alternatively, their name may derive from an ancient king Pierus, who emigrated from Thrace into Boeotia and established their worship at Thespiae.2

The name also refers to the nine daughter of King Pierus. See Pierides.



  1. Hesiod. Theogony, 53; Horace. Odes, iv, 3. 13; Pindar. Pythian Odes vi, 49.
  2. Pausanias. Description of Greece ix, 29.2; Euripides. Medea, 831; Pindar. Olympian Odes xii, 100; Ovid. Tristia v, 3.10; Cicero. On the Nature of the Gods iii, 21.


  • Aken, Dr. A.R.A. van. (1961). Elseviers Mythologische Encyclopedie. Amsterdam: Elsevier.
  • Bartelink, Dr. G.J.M. (1988). Prisma van de mythologie. Utrecht: Het Spectrum.
  • Smith, William. (1870). Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology. London: Taylor, Walton, and Maberly.