"Stayer." A surname of Jupiter as the god who stayed the Roman soldiers in their flight from an enemy, and generally as preserving the existing order of things. In Rome two temples were dedicated to Jupiter Stator, of which the oldest was located on the Velia and which was, according to tradition, vowed by Romulus during the war with the Sabines in which the Romans were forced to retreat.1 The simple sanctuary was replaced in 294 BCE by a proper temple.2



  1. Livy. The History of Rome i, 12.3 ff.
  2. ibid. x, 36.11; 37.15.


  • Augustine. City of God iii, 13.
  • Cicero. Against Catiline i, 13.
  • Pliny the Elder. Naturalis Historia ii, 53.
  • Seneca. de Beneficiis iv, 7.