A person who is being instructed by a tohunga, or by the spirit of a parent or ancestor. He had to submit to a strict fast of several days before he was taught any important karakia.



  • Shortland, Edward. (1882). Maori Religion and Mythology. London: Longmans Green, p. 108.

This article incorporates text from Maori Religion and Mythology (1882) by Edward Shortland, which is in the public domain.