A personification of the ocean. The great ocean, the flowing rivers and lakes, these are the aria (form of incarnation) or kohiwitanga (visible form) of Wai-nui, the mother of waters. In one story, Rangi took to wife Wainui-atea (Great Expanse of Water) and to them was born Moana-nui.



  • Best, Eldson. (1899). "Notes on Maori Mythology." Journal of the Polynesian Society 8:93-121, p. 95.
  • Best, Elsdon. (1924). The Maori. Wellington: Harry H. Tombs, pp. 175, 129, 153-154.