Γαμήλιοι θεοί (Gamēlioi theoi), that is, the divinities protecting and presiding over marriage.1 Plutarch2 says, that those who married required (the protection of) five divinities, viz. Zeus, Hera, Aphrodite, Peitho, and Artemis.3 But these are not all, for the Moirae too are called θεαὶ λαμήλιαι (theai lamēliai),4 and, in fact, nearly all the gods might be regarded as the protectors of marriage, though the five mentioned by Plutarch perhaps more particularly than others. The Athenians called their month of Gamelion after these divinities. See also Gamelia, Gamelius.



  1. Pollux, i, 24; C. Maximus Tyrius, xxvi, 6.
  2. Plutarch. Roman Questions, 2.
  3. Comp. Dion Chrysostomus. Orations, vii, p. 568.
  4. Spanheim on Callimachus' Hymn to Artemis, 23; Hymn to Delos, 292, 297.


  • Smith, William. (1870). Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology. London: Taylor, Walton, and Maberly.

This article incorporates text from Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology (1870) by William Smith, which is in the public domain.