"Mother." That is, "the mother," is used by Ovid1 as a surname of Cybele, in the place of mater, or magna mater, but it is better known, in the religious history of Rome, as a surname of Venus, to whom Julius Caesar dedicated a temple at Rome, as the mother of the Julia gens.2 In like manner, Elissa (Dido), the founder of Carthage, is called Genitrix.3



  1. Metamorphoses xiv, 536.
  2. Suetonius. The Life of Julius Caesar, 61, 78, 84; Servius on Virgil's Aeneid i, 724.
  3. Silius Italicus, i, 81.


  • Smith, William. (1870). Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology. London: Taylor, Walton, and Maberly.

This article incorporates text from Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology (1870) by William Smith, which is in the public domain.