The most high, occurs not only as an epithet of Zeus in poetry,1 but as a real surname of the god. An altar of Zeus Hypatus existed at Athens in front of the Erechtheium; and it was not allowed to offer up to him any thing alive or libations, but only cakes.2

Zeus Hypatus was also worshiped at Sparta,3 and near Glisas in Boeotia.4



  1. Homer. Iliad viii, 31, xix, 258.
  2. Pausanias. Description of Greece i, 26.6; viii, 2.1.
  3. ibid. iii, 17.3.
  4. ibid. ix, 19.3.


  • Smith, William. (1870). Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology. London: Taylor, Walton, and Maberly.

This article incorporates text from Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology (1870) by William Smith, which is in the public domain.