A son of Priam and Hecabe,1 or according to others a son of Apollo.2 He fell by the hands of Achilles;3 others relate that Achilles ordered Troilus who was made prisoner to be strangled,4 or that Troilus, when fleeing from Achilles, ran into the temple of the Thymbraean Apollo, where Achilles slew him on the same spot where he himself was afterwards killed.5


On an Etruscan mural at the Tomba degli Tori at Tarquinia the encounter between Troilus and Achilles is depicted. Troilus is mounted on a horse and approaches a spring where Achilles has hidden himself. The same scene is found on various Greek vases.



  1. Homer. Iliad xxiv, 257.
  2. Pseudo-Apollodorus. The Library iii, 12.5.
  3. Virgil. Aeneid i, 474; Horace. Odes, ii, 9.16; Cicero. Tusculanae Disputationes i, 39.
  4. Dictys Cretensis, iv, 9.
  5. Tzetzes on Lycophron, 307.


  • Smith, William. (1870). Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology. London: Taylor, Walton, and Maberly.

This article incorporates text from Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology (1870) by William Smith, which is in the public domain.